People Innovation Excellence


Learning outcomes:

On successful completion of this Course, students will be able to: Identify the background and accessions the World Trade Organization; Illustrate the trade interest and trade negotiation strategy of developing and developed countries in the WTO; Analyze the world trade political issues, dispute settlement issues, and the future of the WTO.


  1. Trade Liberalization Diplomacy;
  2. International Trade as Diplomacy;
  3. Three Transformations of the Diplomacy and International Trade;
  4. Trade Liberalization Diplomacy in Big Countries;
  5. Theory and practice the multilateral trading system;
  6. The creation of the multilateral trading system;
  7. Liberalization: The First Transformation I;
  8. Liberalization: The First Transformation II;
  9. Institutionalization: The Second Transformation I;
  10. Institutionalization: The Second Transformation II;
  11. WTO Accessions;
  12. Political issues in the WTO accession;
  13. Case Studies I;
  14. Case Studies II;
  15. Judicialization: The Third Transformation I;
  16. Judicialization: The Third Transformation II;
  17. Dispute Settlement;
  18. Operation of the Dispute Settlement Understanding;
  19. Rules and norms: The rules for decision-making in the WTO;
  20. Consensus versus Voting;
  21. Relations with other organizations, civil society, and other stakeholders;
  22. Notifications, trade policy reviews and monitoring;
  23. Post-Uruguay Round negotiations in the WTO;
  24. Case Studies : Doha Round;
  25. Case Studies : Discrimination and Preferences;
  26. The Future of The WTO.

Published at : Updated

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